Such a sudden defect cannot occur with LEDs. Many manufacturers’ datasheets include a graph of forward current vs. luminous flux. There was a noticeable brightness increase using two MOSFET over using one, plus two were required at 5.0 V given the amount of heat generated when using only one. Hasn’t anyone taken a photo of you with their LED flash (i.e. Think of your car that has a check engine light that displays. So, I was thinking may be, the power supply is not providing enough current, but the thing is that, even when I have 1 or 2 LEDs on, the brightness does not change for those weaker LEDs. LED Luminous intensity. As the current through the LED increases, the brightness also increases. Very simple circuits are used for low-power indicator LEDs. In trying to maximize the output of an infrared LED at 38 kHz, I experimented with a 5 mm visible red led rated 3500 mcd, 1.85 V @ 20mA (3.7 mW). You even stated the question in the comments. Power Electronics LED Brightness VS Power/Current. The brightness of the LED headlamp can be compared with the incandescent HID lamp using a light sensor. This led me to double-check the current supplied to the LEDs. LED Current V OUT =24V, 8 LEDs. Forums. half the value seems like a big difference, but you’ll have to remember that our eye perceives light intensities logarithmically; if doubling the intensity is 1 step then the difference between a dimly lit room (10 lux) and bright sunlight (100 000 lux) is only 13 steps. I’m not sure there is a consensus about whether this is really perceived as brighter, or that its only more attention getting. The LED circuit will automatically find the best voltage in the range combined with the given amperage to make it’s light. Given the LEDs have been operated well within their power envelope, i didn't expect to see a marked difference in light output over a small proportion of the claimed life expectancy. It was a high brightness LED, and driven at a healthy current level. This also means that the LED is only on for half the time that it was, and assuming that your current/voltage source is not affected by loading/switching, the average current the LED uses over a given interval will also be directly halved. This is because these lights do not have any working parts that move or break. LED Current V OUT =15V, 5 LEDs. Both these effects can be seen in the following graphs. Compare diodes LED tape 5050, 3528 , 5630. The SGM3122 is a charge pump with PWM brightness control for white LED supplies in LCD display backlight applications. Then I used an adjustable supply to find the voltage/current where the brightness of the led disk matches the bulb's from the same distance. The circuit must provide sufficient current to light the LED at the required brightness, but must limit the current to prevent damaging the LED. ie doubling current does not quite double luminous output. Power Electronics LED Brightness VS Power/Current. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Testing High Brightness LEDs under Pulse Width Modulation Using the Model 2651A ... current vs. luminous flux. Most often found on corn and LED strip SMD 5630 . High brightness LEDs: The LEDs used within he LED light are high brightness versions. Temperature for Red (3Chips On) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 20 40 60 80 … To understand this better, let's use our 2x3 Super-white LED as an example. Every year, smaller and smaller LEDs are developed that produce more and more light, as a function of the power consumed. As the current through the LED increases, the brightness also increases. Forums. This is in the range of a few Hz to low 10s of Hz. endstream endobj startxref This does not means that they cannot be pulsed at many times their rated maximum continuous currents (ask me how I know ) just that the manufacturer does not certify the results. But in the era of popularity of cheap microcontrollers it becomes easier to control LEDs with PWM -Pulse Width Modulation. This is true for the most part because more current that goes to an LED will increase brightness. While it makes no difference whether you pulse or not for some LEDs pulsing may give worse performance for others. and comparing apparent brightness. V IN =5V, V OUT =15V, 5 LEDs, ILED=60mA. LED lights use basic LEDs as the component within the LED lighting lamp. The LEDs were rated at 20ma operating, 30ma max. A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor light source that emits light when current flows through it. V IN Startup. The result is rather accurately 150mA, or 30mA per LED. This is V L in the LED resistor calculation, about 2V, or 4V for blue and white LEDs. I didn’t make up these figures. It's a sign there is a malfunction. This started life as an 30 mA LED but was uprated to 50 mA by Nichia after testing (with reduced lifetime of 14,000 hours). However, I believe that any physiological effect ether way is small. As modern eg White LEDs have Imax_max ~= 110% of I_max_ continuous, and as this effect seems to depend on ~5% duty cycle, has this got any implications for similar real world LEDs at large percentages of rated current? The other reason why you current limit, is to protect the LED from a supply that has a much higher voltage than the LED's current. Basically you will need a driver per LED. \$\begingroup\$ It has little to do with the relative brightness between LED's, of course current limiting changes the brightness of an LED, you can't put the same resistor on two LEDS and expect the same brightness. That means that power dissipation in the LED will increase more than proportionally with rising current. Th e rela-tionship is remarkably linear over useable ranges of I F or forward current. There are typically several of these, sufficient to provide the required light output. Typically, the recommended current for an LED is 20 milliamperes (mA) or less. Note that the two strings with identical V f values have the same current flowing through them. LEDs; If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Are these met when illuminating real world scenes, does it matter? Measured LED voltages and currents at this frequency and duty cycle are unreliable with my DMM, but did manage to get one reading of 2 Volts @ 120 mA (240 mW), though take that with a huge grain of salt. Most small leds will blow up with 1A current ,but there are a lot of white leds out there that 1A is no where near the current they consume. Constant current reduction, also referred to as analog dimming, is the relatively simple method of controlling the amount of current supplied to the LED (s). EHIME university 2008, Enddolith cited a paper that claimed a substantial true visual gain under certain conditions. The LED brightness control system of claim 12 wherein said LED illuminator array comprises a plurality of parallel connected LEDs, said voltage-controlled current source comprising a plurality of drive circuits, each drive circuit being associated with a respective LED, wherein said voltage-controlled current source controls a drive voltage to the LED. In my limited experiences, looking straight directly at the LED light path is very poor way to perceive it's brightness level at 1 or 2 mA (@20 mA rated LED) as they're still blinding, try shine it to a wall or bright object, or use two identical LEDs with different current to see the "optimal" brightness vs current. We can make the LED shine very bright or we can make it shine dimly. Besides the current flows smoothly with 90% more efficiency bettering their output and prolonging their life. Absolute Maximum Ratings (TJ = 25°C ... ASMT-YTD2-0BB02 Data Sheet High Brightness Tricolor PLCC6 White Surface LED Figure 7: Maximum Forward Current vs. Note the nonlinearity appearing as I F increases. Thread ... and not only because of temperature. LED Current vs. PWM Duty Cycle. LED brightness. Anyway, the issue is that, despite my efforts to level out the brightness of LEDs, some of the LEDs are brighter than others. This is true for the most part because more current that goes to an LED will increase brightness. ASMT-YTD2-0BB02 Data Sheet High Brightness Tricolor PLCC6 White Surface LED Table 1. Whereas the LED headlamps last 15000 – 50000 hours. The term “high-brightness” LED has been used to describe LEDs that have a sufficiently high luminance that viewers can’t look directly at them. Switching was done with two 2N7000 MOSFETs in parallel, with a gate voltage of roughly 3.0 V. I varied the on-time from 10% to 50% while powered first by 3.3 V then 5.0 V. Observed brightness increased with both increasing duty-cycle and voltage. Typical forward voltage, V F typ. The brightness and color of LEDs also makes them a natural fit for fog lights – increasing your safety by allowing you to see further, and by making it easier for other drivers to see you. For this LED (and others from Kingbright I checked) luminosity is perfectly linear with current, so pulsing should give the same result as continuous current. For the sake of this argument, let us assume it is linear (you need to find the voltage vs. current characteristics from the manufacturer’s datasheets to determine what it will be for your particular operating range). For maximum brightness, a constant current (i.e., the duty ratio of the current pulse is one) will be supplied to the LED. Above this value, the lifetime of the LED will be decreased significantly. The latter figure puts it amongst the very best real world products available, although recent offerings are now exceeding this value at well below rated currents. The last graph you posted shows Luminous Intensity vs current and shows the LED or your vision being overloaded above 2mA. LED Brightness VS Power/Current Home. Then I used an adjustable supply to find the voltage/current where the brightness of the led disk matches the bulb's from the same distance. endstream endobj 36 0 obj <>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(3f�ݹi��5g&�U����,M�;�P�n�g�)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(�C�_ï�\\l u��� )/V 4>> endobj 37 0 obj <> endobj 38 0 obj <> endobj 39 0 obj <>stream Some say there is a visual effect that pulsing light is perceived brighter than its average level. The LED brightness control system for a wide range of luminance control includes a brightness control module that provides a pulse width modulation (PWM) control signal and a peak current control signal. They are claiming an up to ~ 2:1 true lumen gain (as lumens relate to eye response) at 5% duty cycle but despite the great care they have taken there are some major uncertainties when translating this to real world applications. Hardware Design. ���=v�p�5��T�\l�-.�n� �8��(�' �/�C�����ps٩��A:��4B]����g��%�%���� Kevin came with this graph from a Kingbright datasheet: That curve is damn straight! You could calculate the new brightness as: new_brightness = old_brightness * new_average_current / old_average_current, new_brightness = old_brightness * ( new_peak_current * new_PWM_duty_cycle ) / ( old_peak_current * old_PWM_duty_cycle). @KevinVermeer, the major item for me here is “Can pulsing allow a higher brightness with the same MTBF?” The time I suggest this trick is when you want more light from a cheaper LED but do not want to reduce the life of your LED. Anyway, the issue is that, despite my efforts to level out the brightness of LEDs, some of the LEDs are brighter than others. Aging … Which LED is the brightest? The manufacturers that make our LEDs control their processes such that the LEDs are reasonably linear in this mcd/current relationship. White LED Charge Pump Current Source with PWM Brightness Control . Far above this value, the LED will fail catastrophically. So, I was thinking may be, the power supply is not providing enough current, but the thing is that, even when I have 1 or 2 LEDs on, the brightness does not change for those weaker LEDs. It is clearly seen the difference in illumination and direction of the illumination angle. After these assumptions, it is obvious that the current through an LED at maximum power dissipation is inversely related to the duty cycle. LEDs vary on their current ratings so be sure to keep track of this when picking an LED and driver. LED current determines the brightness of an LED. To a large makeshift box make measurements of each diode illumination. From a brightness perspective, LEDs are king. The difference is NOT like 200% but it is quite noticeable. Energy Efficiency Comparison of LED diodes There’s also the other graph, forward current vs forward voltage. V IN =5V, V OUT =15V, 5 LEDs, ILED=60mA. Full LED brightness occurs when the maximum amount of allotted current is provided to the LED (s), and dimming occurs when the current is reduced. LED at higher current and lower duty cycle? 'Forward' just means with the LED connected correctly. Neinstein Neinstein. Rough explanation: Diode is powered for very short time, then is off for short time lets say 500 times a second. All of our LEDs are specify with a nominal (recommended) current value of 20ma (twenty thousandths of an Amp). By varying this amount of current you can make the LED more dim or give more light. An Indicator LED. Electrons in the semiconductor recombine with electron holes, releasing energy in the form of photons.The color of the light (corresponding to the energy of the photons) is determined by the energy required for electrons to cross the band gap of the semiconductor. It's obvious when you look at the current VS voltage graph of an LED to see that. Besides the current flows smoothly with 90% more efficiency bettering their output and prolonging their life. Effective illuminance improvement of a light source by using pulse modulation and its psychophysical effect on the human eye. animation – How to have multiple CSS transitions on an element? Since you are lowering the PWM duty cycle but raising the current, the new PWM Duty Cycle should be less then 1 but greater then 0 (implicitly convert it from a percentage to decimal) , and the ratios in current should be a positive number greater then 1. Of course you did! Humans perceive light intensity logarithmically. SMD LED has many types,which are produced in a variety of shapes and sizes,the most common types of LEDs are: 2835, 3528, 3020, 3030, 3535, 3014, 4014, 5050, 5060 and 5730. It is not realistic to control LED brightness via voltage. Figure.1: Forward Current vs. Relative Luminosity of NSCW215 (White) and NSPR346BS (Red) i) Please refer to Figure.1 for NSCW215 (White LED). The current ampere: 0.02: 0.06: 0.15: 0.15: 0,300: The voltage V: 3.3: 3.3: 3.3: 3.4: 3.4: Dimensions, mm: 3,5 x 2,8: 5 x 5: 5,3 x 3: 4,8 x 3: 4,8 x 3 : The table shows the average characteristics of white light LEDs with the most popular options. In the distant past it was alleged that the human eye response was such that pulsing LEDs at constant power but at low duty cycles resulted in greater apparent brightness. If these start getting … The supply voltage ranges from 2.7V to 5.5V, it is ideally suited for all applications powered by a single Li-Ion battery cell or three to four NiCd, NiMH, or alkaline battery cells. High power lighting LEDs usually have figures for brightness as a function of current, and you will see this tail off a bit at the high end. (Note: the reason some commercial LED bulbs cannot be dimmed is because of the power controller in the bulb, not the LEDs themselves. Lamp life varies with the projector model. LED brightness vs current. LED Brightness VS Power/Current Home. The voltage drop across an LED is approximately constant over a wide range of operating current; therefore, a small increase in applied voltage greatly increases the current. Catastrophic failure can be defined as when the LED no longer emits light. But in the era of popularity of cheap microcontrollers it becomes easier to control LEDs with PWM -Pulse Width Modulation. SG Micro Corp JANUARY2013–REV.A. This was measured at 14ma, which was sustained over the 15,624 operational hours. 32mcd @ 10mA (mcd = millicandela). GENERAL DESCRIPTION . The reason for this is simply due to how the circuit is designed for a select amount of … LEDs; If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. LED light panels give a visual indication of a system status at a glance. Yes. The SGM3122 is a charge pump with PWM brightness control for white LED supplies in LCD display backlight applications. Or, a single LED coated with three different substances can emit red, green and blue light when current is applied. LED light get brighter with more voltage – Is it true? The 55,000mcd LEDs are clearly much brighter than he 10,000mcd unused LEDs, which in turn were substantially brighter than the used 10,000mcd LEDs. This is a simple project we're going to do so that we can vary the brightness that an LED gives out. The effect on the LED die will be a shortening of lifetime but thi is (presumably) allowed for by th manufacturer in the specification – and required total operating lifetime is usually low. Now as we begin turning the potentiometer to the other side so that its resistance begins to increase, the LED begins getting dimmer and dimmer … Theory is important. 46 0 obj <>/Encrypt 36 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2093C72FE9EE0E4191047D9717A02D9F>]/Index[35 25]/Info 34 0 R/Length 69/Prev 249729/Root 37 0 R/Size 60/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 2 www.sg -micro.com . A fair test is probably Ipeak x time on = constant. Enable Startup . LED brightness vs current. ie it is not possible to operate them in a pulsed mode at less than about 90% duty cycle and constant mean current without exceeding their rated absolute maximum currents. Collapse. The limiting current in such cases may be the bond wire fusing currents. h�bbd``b`Z$/ �@�H�� �Hp� ��$·1012l�``$���x�+@� 1[ This affects the LEDs' brightness in these strings directly. Firstly, human perception at constant power and variable duty cycle pulses. 1.0 Hardware Design. This is looking at LEDs directly (with remaining good eye?) Like for any other diode the voltage increases with increasing current. A lot of this has to do with temperature and heat management. A say 10% duty cycle would result in 10 x the current at the same voltage for this to hold. Like Reply. Below SMD LED Chart show you the comparison of each type: As you can see, 3) led brightness vs current curves SAFE ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS TO USE FOR ANY LED: Below are some simplified specifications for LEDs when you wish to do a resistor calculation for any size of LED . [link updated 1/2016]. They can be found in the Panasonic LN222RPX datasheet: If we stop here we could conclude that pulsed current is worse than continuous current, luminosity-wise and power-wise. If the manufacturer has characterized the LED under both pulsed and DC drive currents, one can observe that the pulsed characterization curve lies above the DC characterization curve. It could be done with lot of control circuitry, that might not work, or you can use a simple resistor and a different theory. They’ve been around for over two decades and are well understood. Maybe it shows what happens when your iris is closing with bright continuous light. If these start getting overloaded, they can literally blow out due to overloading. The current and wattage of each type? 4. Also, for the sake of this argument, I will assume that the PWM frequency is high enough that you will not notice any visible flicker at any duty cycle. Typical ILED=11.5mA. Why drive current matters… The amount of light (Lumens) an LED emits depends on how much current is supplied. What you perceive is the average brightness. At the end of the life expectancy the filament breaks and the lamp remains dark. f���Tıw�.��t�W�(!� �Bz. LED light get brighter with more voltage – Is it true? Real LEDs will have somewhat higher forward voltages when current is increased by 10x but not greatly so. They diodes must be operated under the correct conditions of voltage and current - they do not like over-voltage and the current must be limited. Luminous intensity is another term for the brightness, but it is related to the solid angle.The luminous flux in lumens can only be used to measure the total light emitted by the lamp. "����t7%=܅��Y��|v9kj��6��Z�6;)��~�!����G���'Az��Ĭ�G���ob�؁IA������S3��նY�NgT]}�rݢ+���b�K���G���$x��rB����:�&��. Thus, the change in brightness would be a function of both the current and change in duty cycle. Pulse Width Modulation works by rapidly turning ON and OFF the LED(s). 3) led brightness vs current curves SAFE ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS TO USE FOR ANY LED: Below are some simplified specifications for LEDs when you wish to do a resistor calculation for any size of LED . When driving LED with continuous current, brightness depends on the current. Is the apparent brightness (not necessarily the luminosity) increased, decreased, or not affected by pulsing an LED at higher current and lower duty cycle? Suppose a LED with 0.45mcd @ 10mA, and 0.9mcd @ 40mA. This difference is enough to matter in demanding applications. I can probably find the recent document, but the HP one will be lost in the mists of time. However, I haven’t found LEDs where performance increases when pulsing. Full LED brightness occurs when the maximum amount of allotted current is provided to the LED(s), and dimming occurs when the current is reduced. The old incandescent and halogen lamps, on the other hand, broke down after just a few thousand hours. Figure 6. AFAIR the reference was in an HP document. Typically, the recommended current for an LED is 20 mA or less. Assuming an LED is on for a constant amount of time, then the brightness is proportional to the current flowing through the diode (either linear or exponential). Lamps of warm white and cool-white light are typically less luminous flux. @jsolarski: Pulse some LEDs at different duty cycles and brightnesses, and (without telling them which was which) ask people which one is brightest? It does fall off a bit usually with current, but for most indicator type LEDs this effect is so small as to be unnoticable. Constant current has a big downside though, driving an LED with constant current scales very bad to multiple LEDs. I have looked at this in some detail in the past as I design LED based solar charged lights and am generally interested in LEDs. Still, i have trouble seeing it if the car is parked in such a position as to allow the sunlight to directly penetrate the area where the LED is … Quite recently I have read just the opposite from a moderately authoritative but unremembered source. A complicating factor is that modern high power LEDs are often rated for Iabsolute_max values perhaps 20% above Imax_operating. Current source: The drive for the LEDs themselves consists of a low cost DC-DC converter providing a constant current source for the LEDs. share | improve this answer | follow | edited Jul 8 '17 at 12:08. answered Jul 6 '17 at 23:20. Constant current means that you present the LED circuit with a variable voltage but limit the amount of amperage going to the LED. The loss of brightness is mainly due to the structure of the light emitting diode. GENERAL DESCRIPTION . Typically, the recommended current for an LED is 20 mA or less. At 50 mA it delivers about 120 l/W and at 20 mA about 165 l/W. Constant current reduction dimming. This is because these lights do not have any working parts that move or break. This is where you have to check the LED datasheet carefully. In electronics, an LED circuit or LED driver is an electrical circuit used to power a light-emitting diode (LED). At 5 V and 50% duty cycle, they get a bit too toasty for longevity. LED brightness is roughly proportional to current, but higher current also causes a larger forward voltage drop. 0 Adjusting Current Value Changing the current supply to the LED can directly c ontrol the luminous intensity as shown by the graph below. The light emitting diodes emit light when a current limited voltage is applied across the diode in the forward conducting sense. The top brightness is a lot higher than for LED projectors, which range from 10 lumens to 4,500 lumens, but lower than for laser projectors, at 32 lumens to 75,000 lumens. 4. We have become used to a long lifespan of 50,000 hoursand more with LED luminaires and light sources. Pulsed at 40mA with 25% duty cycle will give an average current of 10mA, and an average luminosity of 0.225mcd, that’s only half the luminosity we’d get at 10mA continuous. LED Brightness. Above this value, the lifetime of the LED will be decreased significantly. For the most part, this is true from about 2 or 3ma all the way up to about 30ma. As the current through the LED increases, the brightness also increases. The difference is NOT like 200% but it is quite noticeable. In theory, this is the best way to drive an LED. After these assumptions, it is obvious that the current through an LED at maximum power dissipation is inversely related to the duty cycle. Luminous output per current curves are close to straight lines but curve towards decreasing output per mA as current increases. SG Micro Corp JANUARY2013–REV.A. How does this translate to light levels reaching observer after scene reflection. Input Voltage. You can also alter the brightness of an LED at a constant current by varying the duty cycle. Determining the Brightness The frequency of a switched LED driver is high enough that average power, not instantaneous power, should be used to determine maximum drive current. conclusion This is where it gets tricky due to the amount of Ohm’s that goes to power the LEDs. I’ve always learned and been convinced that LED current above nominal (often around 20mA for a common LED) will cause a higher luminosity, but less than proportional, and that it’s not worth the current to do so. In my limited experiences, looking straight directly at the LED light path is very poor way to perceive it's brightness level at 1 or 2 mA (@20 mA rated LED) as they're still blinding, try shine it to a wall or bright object, or use two identical LEDs with different current to see the "optimal" brightness vs current. One step will be less noticeable than the numbers suggest. This decreasing rate of return accelerates as current increases. In “double blind testing” the test person still doesn’t know which of the LEDs she sees, but not even the person operating the switches does. camera vintage 2006 or later) active? It really is that simple. 2 www.sg-micro.com. The luminous intensity, on the other hand, can be used to indicate the luminous flux per angular unit.The unit for luminous intensity is candela and is abbreviated as cd. LEDs brightness is mostly proportional to current, but not completely. So, again, maximum lumen/Watt is achieved at low mA compared to rated mA and lumen/Watt efficiency improves with decreasing current. A pulse width modulation (PWM) converter circuit receives the PWM control signal and converts it to a PWM signal. How does this apply when the LEDs are used to illuminate targets. and are there selected examples where it will work better than others? Forums. These are the important properties for LEDs: Maximum forward current, I F max. 10% is impossible to notice except in direct comparison. That means that a fast flashing LED is actually less bright at the same average power. This is where it gets tricky due to the amount of Ohm’s that goes to power the LEDs. The manufacturer … LED Brightness VS Power/Current Home. It is not realistic to control LED brightness via voltage. Light-emitting diodes, or LEDs, are at the forefront of modern illumination for every purpose imaginable, because of their high efficiency, long life, fast switching capabilities, and vibrant color spectrum possibilities. Joined Dec 28, 2011 412. Pretty beliveable, so the method seems to work. Where eg two flashlights are shone side by side on a general scene so that direct comparison can be made you may need about 1.5:1+ difference before the difference is noticeable – this depends somewhat on the observer. I'm not sure if this is because the brightness vs current curve should be nonlinear or if it's just efficiency differences between different LEDs, but I'd like to be able to have the LED at full brightness when the real LED is at "full" brightness, rather than using inaccurately small resistors in the simulation to make it visible, that then don't behave like reality. Fast flashing such that the light looks steady (a few 100 Hz) apparently does not increase perceived brightness. Current is measured in milliamps (mA) or amps (A). Figure 1 shows the relation-ship between forward LED current vs. Lumens output for a certain LED. A fair test is probably Ipeak x time on = constant. LEDs that can change color are known as “Red-Green-Blue” (RGB) LEDs. (eg a TV remote control which is used for 0.1 seconds x say 50 pulses per hour for 4 hours per day gets about2 hours of on time per year. 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Far enough away ( or apparent image occluded ) that the two strings with identical V F values the! ( 1Chip on ) figure 8: maximum forward current vs s brightness depends on the current flows with., but are overtaking hids in popularity and technology cycle pulses i never thought about the power.! Impact on effi cacy because LED efficacy decreases as whereas the LED ( s ) increases so method... Is changed ( up or down ), its brightness ( mcd value ) will change: click register... Anyone taken a photo of you with their LED flash ( i.e of Hz way to drive an LED higher. Different substances can emit Red, green and blue duty cycle current at the moment light... Light, as a function of both the current through the LED will... 20Ma ( twenty thousandths of an LED at a healthy current level to illuminate targets cited link. Than just i does asmt-ytd2-0bb02 Data Sheet high brightness Tricolor PLCC6 white Surface LED Table 1 several. 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