Fast grower to 40 feet and taller, 30 feet and more wide. Best Time of Year to Prune River Birch Trees. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch trees in … It is easy to grow, has a vigorous growth rate and improved disease and insect resistance. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Resistant to bronze birch borer. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. River Birch Tree Facts. No Retailers found within 50 miles of your zipcode. Zone: 4 to 9 Height: 40.00 to 70.00 feet Spread: 40.00 to 60.00 feet Bloom Time: April to May Bloom Description: Brown (male) and green (female) Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Maintenance: Low Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Rain Garden Leaf: Good Fall Other: Winter Interest River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Adaptation: In its native habitat, river birch grows well in low and medium elevations and is most common along streams. Design Ideas On the other hand, trees, like oaks and elms, prolong their bud break to protect against sudden drops in spring temperatures early on. River Birch is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. Guarantee: Earl May Nursery Stock Guarantee The graceful river birch has dark, satiny exfoliating bark in rich shades of brown and pink. After pollination, clusters of small, brown winged fruit form in the spring. Height: 40-70 ft Width: 30-50 ft Soil Conditions: Moist/Well Drained Bloom Time: Apr Hardiness Zone: 3 TO 9. Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Heritage® river birch. Excellent tree for very large homesites, parks and open space. Often selected as an ornamental tree in the landscape for its beautiful exfoliating bark, and multi-stemmed trunk. Adapts well to heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage. If pruned too early in the year, when awakening from their winter rest, they bleed a heavy flow of sap. Use as specimen or near ponds and wet areas. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State. River Birch. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Noteworthy Characteristics. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. Distinctive curling, blackish bark exfoliates to reveal varied shades of orange, gray, and lavender, depending on the cultivar. They form at different times; the male catkins form in fall and bloom in the spring, when the female catkins appear. Hardiness: Zones 4 to 9. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, … An improved variety larger, glossier leaves that turn golden yellow in fall and better exfoliating bark color that provides year round interest. Birch are available as single trunk trees or those with multi-trunks as clumps. River Birch 'Cully' (Betula nigra) is often sold under the name HERITAGE. - Narrow, pyramidal growth habit when young. They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape typically growing 40-70' tall. Noteworthy Characteristics. Your climate may be too cold for this plant, SIGN-UP FOR DESIGN INSPIRATION AND UPDATES ON NEW PLANTS, 817 E. MONROVIA PLACEAZUSA, CALIFORNIA 91702-1385, LEGACY OUR STORY NURSERY LOCATIONS SUSTAINABILITY PRESS CAREERS INTERNSHIPS, FIND A MONROVIA PROFESSIONAL BECOME A MONROVIA PRO, CONTACT US FAQs RETURN POLICY SHIPPING INFO HOW TO ORDER ONLINE. Most species of birch grow best in cool, northern climates, but do not adapt well to the hot summers of USDA Zones 5-9 and can be short-lived therein. Use as a s pecimen or in small groupings in any landscape, and in particular for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low areas. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery. Deciduous. Easily grown average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Older trees display coarse scales. Seldom requires pruning. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. Good choice for the St. Louis area and generally a good substitute for the paper birch in the hot and humid areas of USDA Zones 5-9. It's easy to understand why the Heritage® River Birch is such a popular tree. ‘Dura Heat’ is a little more compact than the straight species River Birch and, as the name might suggest, has better heat tolerance. Leathery, diamond-shaped, medium to dark green leaves (1.5-3.5" long) with doubly toothed margins turn yellow in fall. This tree sports curling papery bark the color of cinnamon sugar, and diamond shaped leaves that seem to shimmer in the breeze. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils. Foliage matures to a clear butter yellow in fall for outstanding specimen. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. The 3″ pendant male flowers are much more noticeable than the shorter, erect female catkins. Birches are fast growing trees appreciated for their papery, peeling layers of bark, and river birch is no exception. While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. River birch put out catkins in the spring which can remain until autumn, adding to the splendor of its yellow fall color. Winter bark is pinkish-orange in color and shaggy textured with prominent exfoliation well suited to night lighting. Betula nigra is an Iowa native. Important component of the wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks that benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks.. Full sun. River birch are tall, graceful-looking trees. About Heritage River Birch Clump. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Size - Large . Bloom Time/Color: April-May; brown/green Fall Color: Yellow Uses: Specimen, shade tree, rain gardens Maintenance: Low Tree Shape: Pyramidal, round Other: Bronze birch borer resistant, deer resistant. Foliage - Deciduous . Initially about 2 inches long, the green catkins overwinter on the tree, growing longer in the For example, some trees, like birch and willows, bloom early to lengthen their pre-summer food production time. Better disease and insect resistance than other birch species; also very resistant to bronze birch borer. © 2020 MONROVIA NURSERY COMPANY. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Betula nigra ‘Dura Heat’ is a decidedly superior variety of River Birch. Cultivar is a more resilient form of American native species. River Birch. River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. The dark green leaves are leathery to the touch and turn yellow in the fall. The trunk bark of older mature trees is gray-brown and scaly, exfoliating only slightly, while the trunk bark of young trees exfoliates extensively, becoming ragged with patches of reddish brown, dull orange, or pinkish tan. Betula nigra. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. Birch trees are lovely, graceful trees with pale bark and bright, heart-shaped leaves. The fruit forms as 3-inch long clusters of seeds called catkins. Over time the bark will show a whole host of colors, including orange, gray, lavender and salmon. Because birch are shallow-rooted, they prefer a location where the soil remains cool and moist while exposing the canopy to ample sunlight (about 6 hours daily). Cold Hardiness-20 to -30° F. Sun Exposure: Full sun. Bloom Time: Grown for its foliage. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. Inner bark is creamy white. Without pruning, it … Unlike other trees, that should be pruned in late Fall to early Spring, the River Birch tree has a different timeline. Height: 40' Spread: 30-40' Space: 30-40' Growth Rate: Fast. River birch are prized trees in Midwest gardens for their four season interest and aesthetics. 'Heritage' is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species (see Betula nigra 'Curly' HERITAGE). Bloom Time - Bloom Color - USDA Hardiness Zone - 4a . As a landscape plant, it is grown as a single-stem tree or in a clump as a multi-stemmed tree with three or more trunks. Salmon-pink to reddish brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. Weakened birches become vulnerable to the bronze birch borer which typically infects and kills birches stressed by summer heat and humidity. Water Needs: Moist, Well Drained Soil. It can be grown as a single-stemmed specimen or multi-stemmed tree. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Blooming Length: April to May. It is fast growing and provides shade about as quickly as any tree can. Oval, serrated leaves are dark green in the summer, bright yellow in the fall Exfoliating, cream and tan bark reveals a lighter, inner bark 'Dura Heat', as the name states, has good tolerance to summer heat and drought Bloom Time: April to May The river birch is monoecious and bears male and female flower clusters called catkins on the same tree. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. The birch's leaves are oval, 1 to 4 inches long. River Birch Betula nigra Birch family (Betulaceae) Description: This tree is 40-90' at maturity, often forming a trunk that divides early and developing an irregular crown. Bloom Time: Spring. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Aphids and sooty mold can be problems on river birches. River birch is monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant) with flowers arranged in catkins. Monoecious flowers appear in drooping, brownish male catkins and smaller, upright, greenish female catkins.Genus name is the Latin name for birch.Specific epithet means black. Sun Exposure - Sun River birch in bloom (L) with the male catkins most noticeable (R). Additional Information: This River Birch has salmon-pink to reddish brown bark. River Birch Growing and Maintenance Tips. Fertilize in early spring. These are fast growing trees that are coveted for the peeling bark. An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Seed grown. Leaves: Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Leaf Color: Gold/Yellow Green Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy The tiny flowers are green or brown and are unimpressive and inconspicuous. River Birch. Male flowers appear on birch trees at the end of summer as clusters of erect catkins. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. One of the most disease-free birches. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. The exfoliating bark on this birch species sets it apart in the landscape. Bloom Description: Brown (male) green (female), Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution. Densely pyramidal form features glossy green diamond-shaped leaves. Exfoliating cinnamon-colored bark creates winter interest. Common Names: River birch. The leaves are oval, around 1-1/2 to 3 inches long, and 1 to 2 inches wide with slightly serrated margins and are shiny and medium green in color. These trees can be grown either with a single trunk or multi-stemmed. Bark more showy than the regular native species. Your climate might be too cold for this plant: Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Tolerates moist areas. Reported to have other better features than the regular native river birch. The best time to prune River Birch trees is late summer or early Fall. Still relatively short-lived when compared to many shade trees. Beautiful large tree as focal point or shading. Facts. PRIVACY POLICY|TERMS & CONDITIONS|SITE MAP. In nature, they are found in flood plains, swamps, and along streams. Flower Bloom Time: Spring Flower Size: 1-3 inches Flower Description: The River Birch has light green, 2 to 3 inch slim, cylindrical flowers and fruiting staminate catkins 2 to 3 inches long that bloom in early spring. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. Care Information: Avoid pruning in spring. Heat/drought tolerant. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. They have cinnamon-colored bark that peels from the trunk. One of the most disease-free birches. Growth Habit: Pyramidal to Round. Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. The foliage is medium to dark green and obtains yellow margins in the fall. Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Special Features: Deer resistant. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. A problem solver for low lying sites to wet for many other species. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. 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